martes, 20 de diciembre de 2011

Archivo: "Los Destructores"

A continuación la versión de The UN Refugee Agency

Peru: Existence and activities of "The Destroyers" (Los Destructores)

http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/publisher,IRBC,,PER,403dd2124,0.html

Publisher Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada

Country Peru

Publication Date 15 December 2003

Citation / Document Symbol PER42303.E

Reference 7

Cite as Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Peru: Existence and activities of "The Destroyers" (Los Destructores), 15 December 2003, PER42303.E, available at: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/403dd2124.html [accessed 21 December 2011]

Disclaimer This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher.


Peru: Existence and activities of "The Destroyers" (Los Destructores)

Established in the 1990s by brothers Jacinto Aucayari Bellido and Enrique Ramos Bellido (24 Horas 23 Sept. 2003), The Destroyers (Los Destructores) were a criminal group whose membership consisted predominantly of former police officers (IDRC Oct. 1994).

According to the Lima newspaper La República, they were Peru's "bloodiest" (más sanguinaria) gang, committing a string of abductions, killings and robberies using assault weapons (13 June 2002).

The group's weaponry, which reportedly included HK G3 light machine guns (Caretas 12 Feb. 1988), was reportedly acquired from police stations in the country's interior (IDRC Oct. 1994).

While no mention of the location of The Destroyers' headquarters could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate, the group was active in Lima, perpetrating for example a 13 May 1993 assault on an armoured truck on the Via Expresa highway in which a number of people were injured (La República 13 June 2002).

In addition to The Destroyers' founders, individuals linked to the gang include Víctor Pampañaupa Gutiérrez, a former member of the Peruvian army's special forces (ibid.);

-Jorge Manuel Saravia Prado, also known as "Miguel" or "Gringo" (Terra 30 Sept. 2003);
-Alejandro Balque Gómez, also known as "Cholo Balqui" (El Comercio 17 Oct. 2003);
-Víctor Ramírez Lingan, also known as "Canela" (24 Horas 8 Jan. 2002);
-Segundo Cruzado Arroyo, also known as "Cañango" (ibid. 1 May 2002);
-Jorge Villena Oyola (Primerapagina.com 18 Aug. 2002);
-Julio Cáceres Inga, also known as "30-30" (Tu Diario 20 Sept. 2002); and
-Juan Saldarriaga Díaz, a former police officer (24 Horas 3 June 2003).

Thirty-three alleged members of the gang were brought to trial in Lima in 1995 (IFEX n.d.). Although no information on the sentences imposed on these individuals could be found among the sources consulted, in May 2000 the Andean Commission of Jurists (Comisión Andina de Juristas, CAJ) reported that the head of the Magistrates' Internal Control District Office (Oficina Distrital de Control Interno de la Magistratura, ODICMA) had expressed some concerns because several members of The Destroyers had been paroled from prison in preceding weeks.

Furthermore, the Lima-based television station 24 Horas claimed on 23 September 2003 that the Bellido brothers, though still in prison, were continuing to plan robberies and kidnappings. Earlier in 2003,

-David Ocampo Cachay,

Jacinto Aucayari Bellido's brother-in-law, had reportedly been instructed to reorganize The Destroyers following his release from jail (24 Horas 20 Mar. 2003).

Individuals linked to the gang were reportedly involved in a number of violent incidents in 2002 and 2003 (ibid. 3 June 2003; ibid. 1 May 2002; El Comercio 2 Oct. 2003; Tu Diario 22 Sept. 2002). For example, on 21 September 2002,

-Giovanni Danti Puertas,

a former member of The Destroyers, was arrested shortly after having beaten and robbed two men while posing as a taxi driver (ibid.). In March 2003, gang members reportedly abducted a telephone company employee, releasing him within a few hours following payment of a ransom (24 Horas 3 June 2003).

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.

References

24 Horas [Lima]. 23 September 2003. "Policía captura a cabecilla y secuaces de banda 'Los Destructores'." [Accessed 12 Dec. 2003]

_____. 3 June 2003. "Gerente de Banco Continental sería el verdadero 'blanco' del intento de secuestro en San Isidro." [Accessed 12 Dec. 2003]

_____. 20 March 2003. "PNP recupera vehículo usado en secuestro a esposa de empresario." [Accessed 12 Dec. 2003]

_____. 1 May 2002. "Delincuente capturado en frustrado asalto a empresa de limpieza era miembro de banda 'Los Destructores'." [Accessed 12 Dec. 2003]

_____. 8 January 2002. "Policía captura a integrante de banda de los Destructores." [Accessed 12 Dec. 2003]

Caretas [Lima]. 12 February 1998. No. 1503. "Se alquila." [Accessed 12 Dec. 2003]

El Comercio [Lima]. 17 October 2003. "A balazos capturan a 'Cholo Balqui'." [Accessed 12 Dec. 2003]

_____. 2 October 2003. "Secuestradores no sueltan escolar." [Accessed 12 Dec. 2003]

Comisión Andina de Juristas (CAJ), Lima. May 2000. Cronología Andina. "Peru-Mayo 2000." [Accessed 12 Dec. 2003]

International Development Research Centre (IDRC). October 1994. IDRC Reports. Vol. 22. No. 3. Kathryn Leger. "Crime and Urban Development in Peru." [Accessed 12 Dec. 2003]

International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX), Toronto. n.d. "Alert: Journalists Assaulted by Defenders in Trial." (Google cache) [Accessed 12 Dec. 2003]

Primerapagina.com. 18 August 2002. "Cabecilla de 'Los Destructores', relacionado con secuestro a pareja de Alberto Venero, fue capturado en Chimbote." [Accessed 12 Dec. 2003]

La República [Lima]. 13 June 2002. Oscar Chumpitaz. "Alerta en Lima: liberan a 22 cabecillas de superbandas." (Google cache) [Accessed 12 Dec. 2003]

Terra [Lima]. 30 September 2003. "Secuestro de escolar fue planeado y dirigido desde la cárcel." [Accessed 12 Dec. 2003]

Tu Diario [Lima]. 22 September 2002. "'Cojo Giovanni' volvió a caer." [Accessed 12 Dec. 2003]

_____. 20 September 2000. "Identifican a cuatro secuestradores de Pollack." [Accessed 12 Dec. 2003]

Additional Sources Consulted

IRB databases

Latin American Regional Reports: Andean Group Report (LARR) [London]. 1996-2003

Internet sites, including:

24 Horas [Lima]

Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos (APRODEH)

El Comercio [Lima]

Comisión Andina de Juristas (CAJ)

Coordinadora Nacional de Derechos Humanos

Country Reports. 1996-2002

Primerapagina.com

World News Connection (WNC)

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at

http://www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/en/.

Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.



A continuación la versión de Seguridad IDL

16/10/03

Fuente: CORREO pag. LOCALES

GRINGO "SENTENCIADO" A MUERTE POR CHOLO JACINTO Y SU BANDA

-Jacinto Aucayari Bellido, (a) Cholo Jacinto,

habría ordenado la muerte de

-Jorge Saravia Prado, (a)Gringo,

apenas este último sea recluido en un penal de la capital. El motivo sería haber ordenado la liberación de Luis Guillermo Ausejo Torres (15), según informó un alto oficial de la División de Investigación de Secuestros (Divise).

http://www.seguridadidl.org.pe/noticiasbakup/278.htm

Cerca de las 13.00 horas de ayer, un contingente de más de 50 policías con chalecos antibalas cercaron la sede de la Dirección de Investigación Criminal (Dirincri), en el Cercado de Lima.

Minutos después, custodiado por ocho agentes y con un chaleco antibalas, Saravia Prado fue sacado de la sede policial y trasladado al Ministerio Público. "No tengo nada que ver en esto, soy inocente", dijo.

Sentenciado a muerte

Un alto oficial de la Divise informó que Saravia Prado tuvo que ser protegido ante el temor de que atenten contra su vida. "Gringo ha sido sentenciado a muerte por Cholo Jacinto y ello podría ocurrir apenas lo internen en un penal", refirió.

Tal como informó Correo, el oficial explicó que actualmente el delincuente

-Pedro Bobadilla Molina, (a)Cholo Pedro,

ocupa el lugar de Cholo Jacinto en el penal de máxima seguridad Miguel Castro Castro.

Precisamente este maleante sería el encargado de ejecutar el asesinato de Saravia Prado en complicidad de

-David Ocampo Cachay,

cuñado de Aucayari Bellido, quien también está recluido en el citado centro penitenciario.

"Ellos no le perdonan a Gringo haber ordenado la liberación de Luis Guillermo, pues esto significó una gran pérdida económica para Los Sanguinarios de Surco", detalló el detective.

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